Canada Animal Shelters
Canada also have animal shelter through the government owned Humane Society shelters that specializes in cats, dogs and small rodents that come within the scope of the organization’s definition for animal shelters. Also, the shelters also make provisions for inclusions of some reptiles and parrots.
United Kingdom Animal Shelters
United kingdom animal shelters have given their shelters a different name but all of them still serve the same purpose. The shelters are commonly referred to as Re-homing or Rescue Centers owned mostly by charitable organizations. Wildly common among them are the Dogs Trust, Cats Protection and RSPCA.
Germany Animal Shelters
In Germany, bigger cities either have city shelters for its animals or by contracting with some of prominent non profit animal organizations that are present all over the country which run a private shelters facilities. The animals common in these shelters have the ranks of animals like dogs, cats and a number of numerous smaller animals like rats, mice and rabbits in larger numbers. There are also what is referred to as “Gnadenhofe” meaning “Mercy-farms”. These places are place for keeping of bigger animals. They accept cattle, horses e.t.c from private individuals owners who want to put them in the custody of the shelter owners due to lack of financial responsibilities for these animals. It is however interesting to know that under the German Law and jurisdiction euthanasia of animals is limited to medical grounds or restricted to cases where the animal appears or is dangerous, uncontrollable and obviously poses a danger to human beings (Gefahr im Verzug - exigent circumstance). Many dangerous and aggressive animals dogs which possess some special breeding qualities and liable or having the tendencies to attack people are locked away till re-housed to a controlled surrounding.
India Animal Shelters
In India animal shelters are being run by the believers and followers of Jainism. Lal Mandir, is a famous Jain temple in Delhi, India well recognize for the Jain Birds Hospital in a second building beside the major temple put in place for the followers. Animal shelters are being operated in most part of the city and town in Bundelkhand run by Jains.
New Zealand Animal Shelters
New Zealand is a country where Animal shelters such as dog pounds are operated by individual Territorial Local Authority, who make provisions for Animal Control services through the Dog Control Act 1996.
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The term animal shelter connotes different meaning to different people, depending on the sector or perspective the subject is being approached. The term was used as a definition for a place where abandoned, lost or strayed, wounded or sick domestic or wild animals are kept. Domestic animals like dogs, cats or any wild animals respectively are brought for care or for safe keeping. These places are regarded as a no-kill animal shelter such as the one in Washington, Iowa. These animals can be adopted by interested members of the public. Also in the no-kill shelter, often times the policy of the government is that sick animals can be euthanized also animals that are not claimed by hitherto former owners can also go through the same process of being euthanatized. Only three countries among some thirty European countries permits the killing of uninjured or healthy stray domestic animals like dogs. Countries like Italy, Greece and Germany permits the act of killing healthy strayed animal within their territory.
However, there are massive criticism of the terminology “animal shelter”, critics says that it is a general euphemism for the former terminology of animal pounds, the word pound originated from the word animal pounds, an expression derived from the agricultural communities where strayed livestock animals are penned down or confiscated until it is claimed by its rightful owners.
Animal shelter in the United States of America has not been an issue of immense importance since there is no government organization that makes provision for any regulation of the numerous shelters on a national basis in perspective. Although, some member states do make rules with regards to shelters within their territory. The most prominent among the earliest steps taken to make regulations was the Georgia Animal Protection Act of 1986. This LAW promulgated in response to the unkind treatment of animals of companion in nature by pet store associations in Atlanta territories. The Law made provisions for the licensing and regulation of pet stores or shops, animal shelters and kennels established for the first time and provisions of the regulations for the minimum standard of care for these animals. The responsibility was vested on the Georgia Department of Agriculture with the issuing and control of licensing for the animal shelters and the enforcement mechanism for the new law through the Agencies or the Department’s newly created Animal Protection Division.
In 1990 additional provision was included to the existing departments known as the Humane Euthanasia Act, this was the first State Regulation to mandate intravenous injection of substances like sodium pentothal in replacement of the popular gas chambers and other cruel methods. This regulation was further fortified with the Animal Protection Act of 2000 to further enhance the effectiveness of the previous existing laws.
There are about five thousand (5,000) privately owned animal shelters in operation throughout the United States of America. The Shelters since inception have developed and advanced and given a more defined and better organization and responsibilities from the previous role they had been known to be playing. They are no longer being used as a death state repository for stray animals or sick animals. But have taken a better shape in the control of the pet population in America promoting pet adoption and responsible for studying of shelter for animals health, behavior control. There are now organization who take up shelter voluntarily, responding to overpopulation which included trate-neuter-release facilities that will lead to reduction of federal cat populations and also reduce the problem of shelter provisions. Some government animal shelter provisions operators are found running their programs in an environment which is below the minimum standard. In 2007 – 2008, many shelters have been found running without proper space and these government run operators lacked the financial resources to carry out their programs effectively.
Unable to make provisional to the increasing number of animals being expected and added on daily basis leaving them with no choice other than to euthanize these animals. Sometime in 2012, about 4,000,000 dogs and cats had been killed in the United States of America animal shelters.